Deputies with an enviable frequency propose to abolish one of the financial “duties” for most Russian motorists – the transport tax. Earlier, representatives of the Just Russia faction took the initiative. According to one of the authors of the idea, Dmitry Ionin, the funds received in the form of taxes are sent to the road funds of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, however now part of the money received from excise taxes on gasoline and diesel goes here. The fact is that oil refiners put these expenses in the retail price tag of fuel, that is, ordinary car owners as a result are invested twice in the road funds of their regions.
In this regard, by the way, questions are raised by the recently canceled transport tax for owners of electric vehicles. A new norm is in force in Moscow – the mayor of the capital, Sergei Sobyanin, made the corresponding decision at the end of last month. It turns out that Muscovites, the owners of “rosette” cars, are not invested in road funds either with the help of a transport tax or with the excise tax on automobile fuel. For them, in the capital, by the way, there are free parking lots and free charging points.
The remaining car owners were less fortunate: the transport tax will remain, at least for now. State Duma deputies on the very first reading rejected the initiative of the Spravoross. They explained their decision by the fact that this would lead to loss of regional budget revenues. As a result, the financial situation, as well as the financial independence of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, will worsen. So, from the federal treasury will have to allocate more money to the regions. Obviously, the State Duma is not ready for this.
Since the tax is regional, subjects set their own rates. The scheme for calculating the transport tax was determined back in 2003, since then it has not changed. The amount for each car owner is determined by the engine power of the car (and the current rate in the region). For example, in the capital for cars with an engine output of less than 100 hp. the coefficient is 12, in St. Petersburg – 24, in Tatarstan – 10 (for individuals), in the Samara region – 16. This means that the least (of the listed) transport tax for such a car will be for a resident of Tatarstan, most of all you will have to pay Petersburger.
Note, the transport tax is not one of the most collected in the Russian Federation. And often it’s not possible to get money into the regional budgets from the owners of the so-called “luxury” cars. This conclusion was made by the Accounts Chamber at the end of the summer of this year. Recall that owners of expensive cars (with a market value of more than 3 million rubles) have to pay a higher transport tax – an additional increase factor is entered in the usual scheme for calculating the amount.
In the course of the audit, the auditors found inconsistencies in the indication of the power of the “luxury car” engines, and before that it became known that not all models were included in the list of expensive cars annually formed by the Ministry of Industry and Trade. As a result, the Accounts Chamber proposed to attach the raising factor not to the price of the car, but to its technical characteristics, and the one that is already in use – to the output of the engine. They explained that in most “luxury” cars it exceeds 200 hp. Apparently, it is proposed to use an additional coefficient when calculating the transport tax for owners of cars whose engine returns exceed the specified value. Note that this may lead to the fact that paying “luxury tax” will have to those whose cars cost less than 3 million rubles.