Modern technologies and the latest developments sometimes simply don’t fit in one’s head, and how they can be used in everyday life is completely crazy. Just 15 years ago, we admired the mobile Internet, through which you could download an image or a song, in just 10-20 minutes. After that, 3G burst into our lives, transferring almost all our lives to the Internet. Next we saw 4G, which accelerated and optimized everything that we are so used to. And now, please meet 5G. But what is it, what is it eaten with and what will it be so useful for precisely in the automobile world? Let’s get it right.
To begin with, 5G is an ultra-fast communication protocol that can once and for all change our understanding of cars, safety and autonomous driving.
One of the strengths of 5G is its low latency. Speaking technically, the delay time for data transfer will be only 1 – 5 milliseconds. In the “outdated” 4G, this figure reaches 20 milliseconds. In order for you to fully realize the meager nature of this value, the driver needs 200 milliseconds to make a decision about emergency braking. Now imagine how 5G can reduce the number of accidents and crashes on roads around the world if it interferes with the safety systems of modern cars.
Moving closer to the point, it is worth noting that this is not the first attempt to interconnect all moving vehicles, pedestrians, infrastructure elements and other parts of the road. Initially, they tried to launch such a system using Wi-Fi modules. Yes, yes, exactly the same “wifi” that we use in our homes and offices. Well, the reliability of this system was exactly the same as we used to see in our daily lives. However, with 5G, everything will be different.
5G is free to handle the huge city traffic of cars, and can also easily identify a fast-moving object. Most likely, it is this technology that will bring autopilot cars to our daily lives.
5G smart and standalone features take time to deploy. Projects will use all kinds of roadside cameras so that systems can identify and track vehicles that are not equipped with 5G, and transmit details about their speed, position and trajectory to those who are already connected to the system. Other proven features include the “transparency feature”. Oh, that sounds pretty impressive. Just imagine, your car will be able to receive data from the cameras of the vehicle ahead of you. And all this in real time. Wow.
Roadside sensors can also detect people leaving dead zones. In addition, the system can distinguish between a potential collision with a person and a non-critical situation, for example, a person who is on the course but has not yet arrived in the danger zone.
All this will require the transfer of a huge amount of data, and it is here that 5G becomes a favorite, because it is 100 times faster than 4G. It will take a lot of time to implement these technologies, but, as we have already noticed with 3G and 4G, the main thing is to start implementation, and the world will already be adjusted.